This page is update periodically as I continue my research and get the chance to update my sources. Check back on occasion for more.
Cole, EmmaLucy. “Ethical Authenticity: Interrogating the Foundations of Folklore Performance.” The Belly Dance Reader 2: An Anthology of Essays. Fairfax, CA: Gilded Serpent, 2014. 66-73. Print.
Jarmakani, Amira. Imagining Arab Womanhood: The Cultural Mythology of Veils, Harems, and Belly Dancers in the U.S. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008. Print.
Kelly, Bridgid. “Orientalism: Zumarrad’s Completely Non-scholarly Quick & Dirty Guide.” The Belly Dance Reader: An Anthology of Essays. Fairfax, CA: Gilded Serpent, 2012. 24-27. Print.
Komarnytska, Iana. “Ballet Russes & Middle Eastern Dance: Orientalism as a Source of Inspiration for Modern Ballet Choreographers.” The Belly Dance Reader 2: An Anthology of Essays. Fairfax, CA: Gilded Serpent, 2014. 46-51. Print.
Mernissi, Fatima. Scheherazade Goes West: Different Cultures, Different Harems. New York: Washington Square, 2001. Print.
Perry, Catherine. “The Dancer As Tableau: Raqs Sharqi Under the Orientalist Gaze.” The Belly Dance Reader 2: An Anthology of Essays. Fairfax, CA: Gilded Serpent, 2014. 74-79. Print.
Said, Edward W. Orientalism. New York: Vintage, 1979. Print.
Ward, Heather D. Egyptian Belly Dance in Transition: the Raqs Sharqi Revolution, 1890-1930. McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers, 2018.
Note: Covers the foundations of the modern female solo performance from its earliest known incarnations in Cairo. Well researched.
The Columbian Exposition
Bloom, Sol. The Autobiography of Sol Bloom. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1948. Print.
Carlton, Donna. Looking for Little Egypt. Bloomington, IN: IDD, 1994. Print.
Deagon, Andrea, Phd. “Forgotten Rituals: The Religious Interpretations of Danse du Ventre in North America, 1890’s.” The Belly Dance Reader 2: An Anthology of Essays. Fairfax, CA: Gilded Serpent, 2014. 26-35. Print.
Kennedy, Charles A. “When Cairo Met Main Street: Little Egypt, Salome Dancers, and the World’s Fairs of 1893 and 1904.” Music and Culture in America, 1861-1918. New York: Garland, 1998. 271-98. Print.
Expo – Magic of the White City. Dir. Mark Bussler. Perf. Gene Wilder. Inecom Entertainment Company, 2005. DVD.
Note: Gorgeous DVD, but take with a grain of salt.
Bellydance that wasn’t
Kendall, Elizabeth. Where She Danced. Alfred A. Knopf, 1979. Print.
Note: Discusses Ruth St. Denis and her career, as well as Martha Graham. Includes influence of Delsarte on St. Denis’ movement.
Bentley, Toni. Sisters of Salome. University of Nebraska Press, 2005. Print.
Note: Discusses Colette, Maud Allan, Mata Hari, and Ida Rubenstien. Maud Allan and Mata Hari in particular are frequently cited as early belly dancers. As Bentley discusses, they were “exotic” dancers who shocked and fascinated upper classes. That said, their costuming was highly influential in the development belly dance costumes.
Howe, Russell Warren. Mata Hari: the True Story. Dodd, 1986. Print.
Note: Rather deragatory depiction of Mata Hari, but offers an interesting perspective on her life. Includes brief descriptions of her work.
Keyes, Abigail. The Salimpour School of Bellydance Compendium. Vol. 1. Albany, CA: Suhaila International, LLC, 2015. Print.
Rasmusen, Anne. “An Evening in the Orient: The Middle Eastern Nightclub in America.” Belly Dance: Orientalism, Transnationalism, and Harem Fantasy. Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda Publishers, Inc., 2005. 276-302. Print.
Carney, John, director. Bal-Anat. YouTube, 1972, youtu.be/fG2MXSp7Zbw. Online video.
Note: Documentarty about Jamila Salimpour and the start of Bal Anat. Includes footage of a 1970 interview with Jamila.
Inkeles, Gordon, director. Classic Stars of Bellydance. Arcata Arts, 2007. DVD.
Note: Originally published as Gameel Gamal (Oh Beautiful Dancer) in 1976. Documentary about the cabaret bellydance sceen of the early 1970s in San Francisco.
Shelaby, Roxanne, director. The Fez Documentary. Roxanne Shelaby Productions, 2015. DVD.
Note: Documentary about The Fez nightclub in Los Angeles. Includes interviews with several famous dancers from the era.
Tribal Improv style
Burnam, April Rose. “Improvisational Tribal Style, Constructing Self and Community” The Belly Dance Reader: An Anthology of Essays. Fairfax, CA: Gilded Serpent, 2012. 182-191. Print.
Cutler-Broyles, Teresa. “Local Performance / Global Connection: American Tribal Style and Its Imagined Community.” Belly Dance Around the World: New Communities, Performance and Identity. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers, 2013. 106-120. Print.
Sellers-Young, Barbara, PhD. “Body, Image, Identity: American Tribal Belly Dance” Belly Dance: Orientalism, Transnationalism, and Harem Fantasy. Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda Publishers, Inc., 2005. 276-302. Print.
“About American Tribal Style.” http://fcbd.com/about/about-ats/ Last accessed August 13, 2016.
Transnational Fusion style
Brice, Rachel. “Rachel’s Lineage.” http://www.rachelbrice.com/rachels-lineage/ Last accessed July 22, 2016.
Scheelar, Catherine Mary. “The Use of Nostalgia in Tribal Fusion Dance” Belly Dance Around the World: New Communities, Performance and Identity. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers, 2013. 121-138. Print.
Frühauf, Tina. “Raqs Gothique: Decolonizing Belly Dance.” TDR (1988-) 2009: 117. JSTOR Journals. Print.